Historic England is the country’s official record keeper of the most traditionally and architecturally important areas in England — spots such as monuments, shipwrecks and battlefields.

And pubs.

Previously this thirty day period, the heritage group up-to-date 11 English pub listings to mirror their cultural heritage and nationwide worth, with a person getting a coveted Grade I designation.


The Philharmonic Dining Rooms — a 19th-century boozer created in between 1898 and 1900 — is the 1st purpose-created Victorian pub to be given a Grade I designation by Historic England. The designation, which is the best supplied, is awarded to structures of “extraordinary curiosity” — only 2.5% of all stated buildings get paid that status. For context, Buckingham Palace is another Quality I creating.

The Philharmonic Eating Rooms, a Quality I historic setting up.

Historic England Archive

Recognised simply as “The Phil” to regulars who when integrated John Lennon, the pub is not small on accolades. Historic England identified as it a “cathedral between pubs” and “just one of the most breathtaking pubs to be completed in the golden age of pub developing.”

Its ornamental entrance gates are regarded as to be England’s best metalwork from the art nouveau period of time.

The gates of The Philharmonic Dining Rooms.

Michael Slaughter LRPS

In his e book “Notes from A Compact Island,” American writer Monthly bill Bryson explained the pub’s loos by creating: “There is no location in the world finer for a pee than the ornate gents.”

And, additional just lately Sir Paul McCartney performed a shock gig there as section of a Carpool Karaoke episode with English tv host James Corden.

Like Buckingham Palace, The Philharmonic Eating Rooms is now a Grade I stated constructing,

Peter Byrne – PA Photographs

Liverpool boasts two other pubs on the listing, underlining the value and rarity of their original interiors. The Vines was designed in 1907 and features opulent Edwardian decor, lovely fireplaces, intricately-carved mahogany paneling and a stained-glass dome.

The other Liverpool pub is termed Peter Kavanagh’s, one that Historic England phone calls “eccentric and significantly-cherished,” thanks to the quirky touches extra by the namesake landlord who intended it. These involve tables with in-constructed ash trays and grooved channels to capture spilled beverages. Mostly while it can be the human faces on the corbels — a sort of wall bracket — assumed to be caricatures of the pub’s common drinkers.


In London, two pretty diverse pubs ended up regarded. An etching of The Hand & Shears in the city’s meatpacking district of Smithfield was 1st recorded in 1811, however the name dates to the 15th century.

As legend goes, the custom of slicing a ribbon to open an party started off right here, when the Lord Mayor of London inaugurated the regional Cloth Truthful. It retains three independent bars — public, saloon and non-public — as effectively as a assortment of first and really unusual fittings.

Veteran actor Peter O’Toole, exterior The Coach & Horses pub in Soho, London.

John Stillwell – PA Visuals

Smack in the heart of Soho, one more throwback to a bygone period arrives at The Mentor & Horses on Greek Street that dates from the 1840s. The easy, sophisticated 1930s interiors have been beloved by famed drinkers, these as Francis Bacon and Lucien Freud, as very well as actors Peter O’Toole and John Hurt, all of whom contributed to its track record for serious consuming and debauchery.

South England


South of London, the county of West Sussex is residence to Blue Ship, a previous 16th-century cottage that turned into a pub in 1850. It is a single of only eight pubs in the region not to have a bar counter, an attribute associated to the mid-1800s trend wherever modest buildings were converted into pubs. To get a beer, attendees would approach a smaller tap room named a “servery” the place the beverages had been poured.

The barless Blue Ship.

Michael Slaughter LRPS

Central England


The UK’s most common pub title is The Crimson Lion and one particular of its oldest, positioned in the county of Staffordshire, was constructed as a dwelling in the early 1600s. It grew to become a pub some 2 1/2 generations later, but to this day retains considerable first style factors alongside putting paneling and fireplaces extra at afterwards dates.

Southwest England


The city of Salisbury, a person of the most picturesque in the place, boasts a ingesting den with extraordinary record. The Haunch of Venison dates from the 15th century — properly right before Columbus “discovered” the New Environment — but there’s evidence of a pub of the same title on the web site because the 1300s. The past refurbishment was comparatively current. In 1909, different ingesting areas for men and girls and a scarce and elaborate financial institution of pumps for serving liquors were being additional to the inside.


Courting from the 18th century, the Square & Compass in Dorset is singled out by its serving hatches and absence of bar. The pub is believed to have originated from a pair of cottages, which ended up transformed into an alehouse when the site was acquired by a brewer in 1793. Linked to smuggling in the early 1800s, the pub grew to become a trendy place to consume with inventive sorts and later, Nobel laureates in Entire world War II.

By way of the decades, the Square & Compass has been common with criminals, creatives and intellectuals.

Michael Slaughter LRPS


The distinctive Rose and Crown in Somerset was designed close to 1800. It much too offers a servery place, but regrettably these days you can not provide yourself. For admirers of pub game titles, it does not get greater than its connected 19th century skittle alley, a precursor to bowling which is reasonably common in Somerset, but not the rest of England.

The servery location at the Rose and Crown is no lengthier self-serve.

Geoff Brandwood


The second Somerset pub, Tucker’s Grave Inn, is thought to have been named immediately after the burial put of a local farm worker who dedicated suicide. Barrels of beer and alcoholic cider — the latter a pretty preferred consume in Somerset — are stacked less than the window in the general public bar, even though hand-painted signage from 180 yrs back completes the amazing snapshot of a pub virtually wholly untouched considering the fact that it poured its 1st pint in the early 1800s.

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